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IELTS雅思聽力「標記圖表題」實戰技巧 (一)

在IELTS雅思聽力的題型中,「標記圖表題」(labeling a diagram)可能出現在聽力四個部分中的任何一個部分。許多學員在準備雅思聽力時,經常對這種題型比較畏懼,因為這種題型不僅考察學員的「空間感」,更考察學員能否同時看圖以及了解聽力內容。在本篇文章中,我們將說明標記圖表題的解題步驟,並且提供題目演練。

雅思聽力 - 標示地圖題

「標示地圖題」(labeling a map)是一種常見的標示圖表題。針對地圖題,學員在平常練習時,應該先熟練描述「空間位置」與「報路」的常見語言。

描述「空間位置」常見語言

∙ at the top / at the bottom
∙ on the left / on the right / on the far side
∙ North / South / East / West
∙ in the southwest / in the northeast
∙ in the middle of / in the centre of
∙ above / below
∙ inside / outside
∙ opposite / in front of
∙ left-hand side / right-hand side
∙ clockwise / anticlockwise
∙ a little beyond / just past

「報路」常用動詞

∙ get to
∙ move / walk / carry on
∙ turn
∙ cross
∙ miss
∙ reach

掌握這些字彙後,讓我們用以下的例題說明解題步驟:

From section 1:

Write the correct letter A-H next to questions 8-10.
Where are the following blocks of flats situated?

雅思聽力 - 標示地圖題

8. Eastern Towers _______

9. Granby Mansions _______

10. Busby Garden _______

聽力稿:

M: Are you looking to move into a flat soon?
W: I hope so, yes.
M: The thing is, we have a few flats at the moment that we’d like to get rented out by the end of the month.
W: I see.
M: They’re all good flats, and at the price you want. There’s one in Eastern Towers, one in Granby Mansions and another in Busby Garden. All three are nice blocks of flat.
W: Could you tell me where they are? I’m at the train station at the moment.
M: Eastern Towers, if you’re coming from the stations, isn’t very far. Cross over City Bridge. Then go left, and where the road divides, you want the right-hand fork. You’ll see Eastern Towers on the left side of the road. It’s a lovely, with trees around it.
W: That sounds nice. What about Granby Mansions?
M: The best way to get there from the station is probably to go down River Road and cross over Old Bridge. The road bends to the right, round the park, and if you follow along, you’ll find it there, on the left side. That’s a great location, with lovely views of the park.
W: Very nice. And you said there was one more?
M: Busby Garden, yes. OK, from the station, cross over City Bridge, keep going through the first crossroads until you come to the second crossroads. Busby Garden will be facing you, over to the right side. It’s very convenient for the shops.
W: Fine. Thank you. Well, I’ll see you on Saturday.

根據說話者的敘述,Eastern Towers的位置是B。Granby Mansions的位置是H。Busby Garden的位置則是E。

標示地圖題解題步驟

Step 1:分析地圖

注意街道、建築物、橋樑等地理特徵。留意敘述的「起始點」。預測說話者會提到的字詞。

Step 2:注意聽開頭

當聽力開始後,注意聽開頭的地方,因為說話者會先說明聽力內容的脈絡。了解聽力的內容主題之後,接下來的細節會比較容易聽懂。

Step 3:手指著地圖

當說話者描述時,可以邊聽邊用手指著地圖上說話者敘述的地方,比較不會迷失位置。

Step 4:注意「信號詞」(signposting words)

留意信號詞例如then 或and if you follow along。這些字表示說話者將繼續講下一個點或階段。

Step 5:注意干擾選項

地圖題的干擾選項通常是其它的建築物。在聽力播放時,用手指著現在的位置可以減少選到干擾選項的機會。

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